Chianti Rufina: climate plays with great wine
by Marco Gemelli – Weather’s jokes, for Tuscan wine: two swinging winters and two dry summers HCG have meant that a wine region geographically cold as Chianti Rufina has produced very alcoholic wines. It’s one among the main issues raised at the meeting organized by the consortium Chianti Rufina DOCG to taste the wines of the 22 wineries represented. President Lorenzo Mariani explained that over the past two years the weather conditions of the area – which not coincidentally is called “The highest Chianti” – have led to pretty alcoholic wines (up to 15 degrees), far above the average. So much so that, in the future, in the territory of Rufina many producers are thinking of changing the exposure of the vineyards: since different companies are assuming, or even conducting a replanting of the vineyards, the possibility to change angle seems quite real.
News in view also in terms of the quantity of wine that come out from the cellars: the latest innovations requested by the EU will ensure that within the next six years the yields of Chianti Rufina DOCG arrive at 90 hectoliters per hectare. On the other hand, the weather conditions of recent years continue to push towards a reduction in production, thereby improving quality.
The Chianti Rufina DICG born in one of the most important wine of Tuscany, located in the province of Florence and distributed in the towns of Pontassieve, Rufina, Londa, Pelago and Dicomano. The first written records of Rufina wine date back to the early fifteenth century. In the eighteenth century, with the Edict of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, came the official recognition, and Cosimo III classified the wine produced in this area, among the “top four” of Tuscany. Rufina is the smallest of the seven specifications of Chianti: it occupies an area of 12,483 hectares, with a production of about 27,000 hectoliters a year.
The geological structure of the ground – made of limestone and marl – and exposure to the sun in the south of the high hills (which allows the grapes of the vines to reach optimal ripeness) generate a microclimate with high daytime temperatures and cool nights summer, which contributes to the maintenance of aromatic notes. The result is an elegant wine with a strong personality, a perfume that refers to a complex bouquet of wild berries and spices. A wine also characterized by a unique longevity (attested to some reservations of particular vineyards, even beyond the age of thirty).