(Italiano) Firenze: Ugo di Toscana, Marchese simbolo della citt
by Filippo Giovannelli – Ugo di Toscana was perhaps the greatest public figure of Florence HGH in the early Middle Ages. Ugo, also called di Toscana, universally called “The Great”, became Marquis of Tuscany rather young, about 20 years old came to power and remained so throughout his life.
It was Ugo di Toscana who first brought the city of Florence to be the capital of Tuscia. Named Florence was the capital of this great territory so vast and different orographically and to better deal with this, moved his residence from Lucca, a city that until that time he held this role, on the banks of the Arno. It was a great character. He reigned for 30 years and was considered a man of high esteem and stature.
The Marquis had a particular fondness for Florence, so much so that the Malespini speaks thus: “and he was pleased with the room of Tuscany, and especially in the city of Florence, fececi over his wife, and she made her dwell.”
A bond that over the years to stay in the city became very strong, the colors of the coat of arms of the Marquis of Tuscany, white and red, are inherited from a branch of his family, the von Brandenburg, became from that moment the colors of Florence .
Around the year 1000 were periods of great splendor, the city had just over 3000 inhabitants and all were closed within the Roman walls.
Wise governor, rare quality in time, was a powerful secular ruler, left important signals to the Florentines, who remembered him about two centuries after his death in the Divine Comedy with Dante placed him in Paradise as the “Great Baron” – XVI, 127-129 and following triplet, citing also the beauty of the sign on which we mentioned previously, the white and red vertical stripes that are also depicted in the shields on his grave;
Ciascun che de la bella insegna porta
del gran barone il cui nome e ‘l cui pregio
la festa di Tommaso riconforta,
da esso ebbe milizia e privilegio;
avvegna che con popol si rauni
oggi colui che la fascia col fregio.
The city of Florence has retained numerous representations or monuments dedicated to the Marquis, in 1481, in the Badia Fiorentina where he is buried Ugo, Mino da Fiesole carved the tomb, in 1590, the image of Ugo di Toscana was painted in oils by a young Christopher Allori, Raffaele Petrucci in 1618 carved the statue in the likeness of the Marquis that was placed in the large cloister so that everyone could remember the founder, with his mother, the Badia Fiorentina, was recently named after him a square in Florence.
On 21 December 1001, the day on which we commemorate today the death, Ugo di Toscana died. He was born and died in Pistoia, but soon after his death, his body was transported and buried in Florence at the Badia Fiorentina, who still remains the emblem of the Marquis and the family of Tuscia.
It ‘s just Badia Fiorentina who return every year to be a leader and a symbol of Ugo di Toscana, the founder of modern Tuscany and Florence is the capital, with a commemoration of both secular and religious, as a high official holiday in Florence by the whole community.
Photo by: Giuseppe Sabella